Within the framework of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), an agreement to reduce climate emissions was obtained in 2015 at a meeting in Paris. The Paris Agreement [L95] entered into force in November 2016 and requires the partners to the Convention to set up national plans for emission reductions, so-called NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions). The goal of the Paris Agreement is to keep global warming below 2.0 °C, but the preliminary plans set out in the NDCs will not be sufficient to achieve this goal [L86].
There will therefore be a need for further efforts, and here all actors have a responsibility. I have tried here to set up an overview of opportunities that exist for emission reductions, especially within the energy sector and transportation, as well as how better land use can reduce emissions. Finally I have included a section on what Norway can do beyond its limited obligations under the Paris Agreement.
Latest update: 2021-07-21